FEMME FETALE

Made of all natural ingredients
95% of plants will be determined female
Forces nutrients into the plant to prevent nutrient lockout
Works as a nutrient booster and a floral spray & cuts down on the cost of your nutrient bill
Ten years researched
Two years feild tested
Made in the USA
Completely biodegradable
Non- toxic
Non- pollutant

MADE FROM ALL NATURAL INGREDIENTS

95% of Plants will be determined FEMALE
Use distilled or RO water only
*2 drops per cup
*soak seeds for 24 hours
*dry seeds & plant
*feed with 3 drops per 1 gallons
thru vegetation
(can also be used in flowering)


For New Seeds

 

    1. Put 2 drops Femme Fatale per one cup distilled or RO water to soak seeds
    2. Soak seeds for 24 hours,
    3. Remove and let dry.
    4. Plant
For Weekly Feeding and Floral spray: 
Per one gallon of distilled or RO water add 3 drops Femme Fatale and your nutrients BUT CUT NUTRIENTS BY 60%
and use once a week like regular nutrient feeding. Be sure to cut nutrients by  the 60% due to the lack of nutrient lockout and the products force feeding quality

Please email for cost and availabily mail@goldenglow.info

 

 

"Interesting facts"

"Cannabinoids can be administered by smoking, vaporizing, oral ingestion, transdermal patch, intravenous injection, sublingual absorption, or rectal suppository. Once in the body, most cannabinoids are metabolized in the liver, although some is stored in fat. Delta-9-THC is metabolized to 11-hydroxy-delta-9-THC, which is then metabolized to 9-carboxy-THC. Some cannabis metabolites can be detected in the body after several weeks"

 

"Interesting facts"
THEORIES WHY TO TRIM FAN LEAVES
Increase Lower Bud Development
The fan leaves shade lower buds and that these buds do not develop to there full potential because of a reduction in lighting intensity due to shading from upper fan leaves.

cannabis health
To conserve energy for upper bud development
Trimming fan leaves and lower, shaded branches focuses the plant’s development on main top buds. A plant wastes precious energy several ways. A tall plant needs to use energy to build extra stem, and then use extra energy to move water up higher, this is why I believe "scrog" methods are productive. An untrimmed bushy plant causes the plant to expend energy to build elaborate branches and leaves, and then has to use excess energy to supply all these structures. Careful trimming to remove unnecessary branches (which wont produce nice buds) and unproductive suckers will leave more energy for a larger yield. Suckers do exactly as their name suggests, they suck needless energy from the plant which can be put to better use, towards yield.

 

 

CODE
VARIETY
SEEDS QTY
PRICE GBP
STOCK LIST
GSRSBF16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSBDXFW16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSLS16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSPW16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSMM225
25 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSRD16
20 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSJF16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSMM30
30 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSWW16
16 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSGS16
16 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSGM16
16 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSSH16
16 seeds
£55.00
in stock
GSRSB16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSM3216
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRST20
20 seeds
£46.00
in stock
GSRSST20
20 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSS16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSDMS20
20 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSNL16
16 seeds
£55.00
in stock
GSRSC16
16 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRSSNO140
16 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSRS16FW
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRBB16
16 Seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSNYCD16
16 Seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSBG16
16 Seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRS16BB
16 Seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSBC16
16 Seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSCW15
15 Seeds
£75.00
in stock
GSRSJD
20 seeds
£70.00
in stock
GSRSTWR16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSCW16
16 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSRSTBC16
16 seeds
£65.00
in stock
GSRAF16
16 seeds
£65.00
in stock

 

cannabis seeds pricelist

Seeds - Starting and Planting

 

CODE
VARIETY
SEEDS QTY
PRICE GBP
STOCK LIST
GSRSLS8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSPW8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSRD8
10 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSJF8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSMM8
15 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSWW8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSGS8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSGM8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSSH8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRS8B
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSM328
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRST8
10 seeds
£25.00
in stock
GSRSST8
10 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSS8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSDMS8
10 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSNL8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSC8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSS18
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSFW8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSR8BB
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSNYCD8
8 seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSBG8
8 Seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRSBB8
8 Seeds
£30.00
in stock
GSRS8BC
8 Seeds
£35.00
in stock
GSRSJD8
10 seeds
£35.00
in stock
GSRSTW8
8 seeds
£35.00
in stock
GSRSCW8
8 seeds
£35.00
in stock
GSRSTBC8
8 seeds
£35.00
in stock
GSAKR8
8 seeds
£35.00
in stock

cannabis seeds pricelist

 

 

Drug War Bull Shit....

“The scientific and medical communities have determined that smoked marijuana is a health danger, not a cure, ... There is no medical evidence that smoking marijuana helps patients.”
Karen Tandy.

 

GSFJF15
15seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSBM15
15 seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSG15
15 seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSLS15
15 seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSRD15
15 seeds
£110.00
in stock
GSFSFSS15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSWW15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSGS15
15 seeds
£90.00
in stock
GSFSNL15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSB15
15 seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSGM15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSDMS15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSST15
15 seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSBB15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSNYCD15
15 seeds
£110.00
in stock
GSFSBBF15
15 Seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSBC15
15 Seeds
£120.00
in stock
GSFSTW15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFAS15
15 seeds
£100.00
in stock
GSFSCW15
15 seeds
£150.00
in stock
A few very helpful tips

A higher nitrogen concentration will give more females.
A higher potassium concentration will give more males.
A higher humidity will give more females.
A lower temperature will give more females.
More blue light will give more females.
Fewer hours of light will give more females. It is important to start these changes at the three-pairs-of-leaves stage and continue for two or three weeks, before reverting to standard conditions.
To produce our feminized seeds, we start with selected female clones. Under standard conditions these female clones do not produce any male flowers. By the method we found, we are able to have these female clones produce abundant male flowers and pollen . The pollen thus produced we use for the production of our "female" seeds.

cannabis seeds pricelist

GSFSG7
7 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSFSLS7
7 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSFSRD7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSSS7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSWW7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSGS7
7 seeds
£45.00
in stock
GSFSNL7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSBBFS7
7 seeds
£60.00
in stock
GSFSGM7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSDMS7
7 seeds
£45.00
in stock
GSFSST7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSBB7
7 seeds
£45.00
in stock
GSFSNYCD7
7 seeds
£55.00
in stock
GSFSBBF7
7 Seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSBC7
7 Seeds
£70.00
in stock
GSFSTW7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSFSAS7
7 seeds
£50.00
in stock
GSGSSCW7
7 seeds
£70.00
in stock
A few very helpful tips

A higher nitrogen concentration will give more females.
A higher potassium concentration will give more males.
A higher humidity will give more females.
A lower temperature will give more females.
More blue light will give more females.
Fewer hours of light will give more females. It is important to start these changes at the three-pairs-of-leaves stage and continue for two or three weeks, before reverting to standard conditions.
To produce our feminized seeds, we start with selected female clones. Under standard conditions these female clones do not produce any male flowers. By the method we found, we are able to have these female clones produce abundant male flowers and pollen . The pollen thus produced we use for the production of our "female" seeds.

cannabis seeds pricelist

Auto flowering cannabis is a cannabis plant that is not dependant on the light cycle to go into flowering you simply plant a seed and water it will grow under 24 hours light a day then start to flower when that particular strain is ready most from around 3 weeks to 5 weeks from planting then it will grow out its bud for a further 5 to 7 weeks depending on particular strain of auto so all you need to do is sit back and let it grow when you see flowers starting change the light bulb to a flowering bulb and wait then site back and enjoy.Autoflowering plants flower within 70-75 days from seed, reaching its optimal size if given enough light. The ideal light cycle is in fact of 20 hours of light and 4 of darkness during the whole life of the plant. Outdoors the best time is May-August, but it is possible to do multiple cycles up to November.

 

AUTO-FLOWERING PLANTS
GSAFRLS10
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GSAFFLA5
10 Seeds
£70.00
Female
in stock
GSAFFLD5
10 Seeds
£70.00
Female
in stock
GSAFFAK475
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GSAFRWS10
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GSAFF5
5 Seeds
£45.00
Female
in stock
JDLRFSLR2AF3
3 seeds
£35.00
Female
in stock
JDRSLR2A10
10 seeds
£50.00
Regular
in stock

Don't take our word for it read what our customers say....

 

KICK ASS HYBRIDS

Kusk Mo from Kick Ass seeds, supplied by Goldeseed

KushMo (Hindu Kush & Motavation) - Big producer - My patient with MS says this one is the best for her so far. Strong Body High. Fat, buds. This is a foxtailing variety. I love cutting off a couple dozen foxtails for myself when I harvest.  Need good ventilation at the end. 9 Weeks - but will continue to produce bud quite a while longer as foxtails. Up to the grower when to harvest after 9 weeks.

Plese email for more details


GS 101
 
10 Seeds
£70.00
Female
in stock
GS 102
 
10 Seeds
£70.00
Female
in stock
GS 103
 
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GS 104
 
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GS 105
 
10 Seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock
GS 106
 
5 seeds
£45.00
Female
in stock
GS 107
 
10 seeds
£45.00
Regular
in stock

 

 

 

A selection of this months comments from our satisfied customers

 

Hi Gene, wow, that was fast! you just made our weekend so much happier. okay, we'll keep track of it and let you know once it arrives. may i ask which name you used as the recipient? just so that we know who should go pick up the package.
About your question regarding laws in china. to be honest with you, i probably wouldn't be growing if i knew the specific penalties involved. but be assured that we are very discreet. all my correspondence to you comes from an IP abroad. additionally, the shipping address that we're using is different from that of our residence and grow area. despite these precautions, there is always a risk involved of course. but when you believe in something, i guess nothing will stop you from doing it. herbs have been used in traditional chinese medicine for thousands of years, including cannabis native to different regions in china. both my gf and i firmly believe that laws concerning cannabis are hypocritical and infringe on our basic rights. so we go on doing what we do regardless. but we don't do so wrecklessly. out of concern for family and friends, if anything else.
anyway, we're very delighted to know that our package is on the way and hope to start our new grow before the year's end. and thank you so much for including the jack and cheese freebies. that's quite generous of you and really has completed our wishlist. guess santa is a little early this year.
best wishes,
GH - CHINA

 

Fast,Smart,Quality..
Can you kindly help me out please if it's not too much trouble for you ?
Thank you very much for all Keep in touch.
George... Republic of Macedonia

hi gene. they arrived today. the packaging was absolutley brilliant! thank you for all the additional seeds as well. i look forward to trying these.
can you tell me how long the seeds will last before germination and the best way to store them till i use them all up.
any other suggestions? will be using bubble ponics in a med sized cabinet.
thank you steve. MI

Have received & all is well. Thank you so much & I will be in touch in the future!
JP ..CA

Hello Gene,
We received the babies today. Thanks for being so gracious in sending extra!!! We'll keep you updated as we go along. 
Thanks,
Zack.MT

HeHave received & all is well. Thank you so much & I will be in touch in the future!
JP ..CAHave received & all is well. Thank you so much & I will be in touch in the future! JP ..CAllo Gene,
Thank you very very much for all. So cool and very smart ;-)
I let you know news!
Best. Greg Republic of Macedonia

wow! thanks for the extra seeds. i´l definetely try out the jack frost.
good service, fast shipping. can´t wait to meet my new children :) Tony...MT

Gene, my clever friend- your babies are beautiful, thanks for the picture, we are so excited to see them arrive this spring! thank you, Chloe CA......

Gene-
I finally received the parcel. Excellent packaging,.
Thanks,
Marty .MI

Gene,
Received the package today (1/19/2011). Many thanks for the excellent service.
Burt P. MT

whew!  got them today, nice note lol.  thank you so much!  You're making the world a better place.  Peace.
JD. JAPAN

Hi Gene,

This is my email to tell you I received the goods. As always fantastic shipping. You never cease to amaze, Thank you for the bonus blueberry seeds!
Regards,
Steve. MI

Hello Gene,
I must compliment you on your last shipment to me.
The AK 47s  are genetic freaks of nature. The Blue monsters are still in process at this time, but looking very promising...
Your collections seem to be second to none.
I would like to secure another order from you. In the amount of $100.00 usd..
I am going to leave it to you to select the stock you send me of your feminised and auto flowering choices.
-I trust your selection ,And quantity of stock delivered-.I am going to be a repeat customer for life.
 
Thank you,
John CA -USA

 

Gene,
First I'd like to say if the ************ is real " Congrats" to you. The one on the left is sucking it's thumb and the one on the right is looking dead at ya.
Back to the reason for this note. Great shipping, 12 days to backwater Happy Camp, Ca.. I like the stealth mode. If the seeds turn out as expected this might turn out to be a long lasting business venture.
Hey thanks, for the lemon skunk.
Bill . CA...

Hey Gene,
Sorry to respond so late after the package arrived, but I was out of the country and just returned.   I was delighted to find your package waiting for me when I got back and I can't thank you enough!  This was a Christmas gift for my father and he is absolutely ecstatic (I couldn't resist letting him open it early).  I hope you have a wonderful holidays and a happy new year!Nick CA

 

HI Gene,
Thanks got the package
Great work as always
Merry christmas
Cheers
Matt..AUS

I have received the seeds now so thank you very much for serious and wonderful customer service. top quality Continue like that =) KC -FR

oh what fun thanks so much for sending out the seeds as fast. address is correct.
and I just have to say that there has been very nice to do business with you, very nice and serious Continue in this way.
just a question are the seeds on the picture you have sent to me? because I ordered seven female of each, H Sweden......

Hello! Green :-))
Just received these this morning. I'm super happy, thanks a bunch!!!

Hi Gene,
received OK, nice babies :)
Once more, thanks for all!
Bye
Zuzka CZ

I received the *********** today.  Everything was good. I am looking forward to seeing those babies grow. many thanks for your excellent customer service and stealth shipping, V - FL

Thanks again Gene..I will enjoy the extras for sure, and I'll let you know when they arrive..
You lads are awesome!! tERRY ----NY

hi, Gene...
got the seeds. beautiful, thanks. hope to do business with you again. i'm looking for kryptonite and green crack also. let me know.
thanks again!
stacy. CA

 

 

Hello Gene, I received the seeds today 06/21/2010. They may have been here earlier as I was out of town for a few days. Thank you agian for all of your help. I will be ordering more in the near future. Have a fantastic day Gene!

 

Awesome, Gene. Thanks again for the great service and attention.
Best regards,
Mike

Gene,
Blueberries and Jack Frost arrived today.
Amazed by the speed of shipment and impressed by the packaging!
Cute babies.
Thanks for the free samples and looking forward to future orders.
H....

Most excellent work Gene.
I have received your package and am impressed.
If these genetics are what you say they are,
Then you are THE man indeed.
Thank you and i will surley make you my number one company.
John W..

Got everything very quickly and they look beautiful, Gene!
As a matter of fact, I'd like to order 30 more - I've got the itch to try some more of your strains before I place the big order later this year.
For now:
15 female red diesel
15 female white widow
 
Please just send the pay request at your convenience and I will pay right away. Please note that I am going to ever so slightly change the shipping address, and stealthy classy shipping is still very important.
Thanks, Stu...

Started my first grow today with seeds from goldenseed. I got lowryder #2 and purple-wreck. First off I highly recommend-o goldenseed, its a small organization and the website it a little hard to navigate but is also full of fun stuff to read. The selection and prices are great although it does lack low end seeds (not really a problem at all). The biggest reason to order is the shipping and support, they'll basically hold your hand every step of the way and the shipping is insane. Definately very stealthy and got mine in 9 days! a big thanks to Gene and the Guys at Goldenseed :-)

Thank you for getting back to me as fast as you did. I would like to place my order. Ill be going to get a money order from the bank on Monday. Would you be able to email me all the info needed to send my payment too? Thank you very much. Oh by the way I have read a lot of what people have had to say about you seed's and your company. Keep up the good work and I look forword to doing more business with you guy's agin.

Thanks agin for your time. Jay USA..

 

Recieved the seeds,
Thank you. Nice packaging, very professional, Marco, Brazil

recieved order today will be ordering blue monsters next week. great service as alway's
 thanks, gertrude.

hey there, i received my package and everything was good thanks for the free seeds i will let you know how i make out ..J 

Excellent Packaging -  Happy Easter       Frank

Hello Gene -
Well again, I was considering adding to my souvenir collection.
Your combo packs are indeed excellent offerings, and the extras you
included in my first purchase are icing on the cake! It appears to
me that you're the one. Onward to my collection. What kind of
regular autos do you have that you could possible create a mini or
mega mix for me? thanks and regards // Rick.

 

Good morning, Gene;
I received the package yesterday. Everything looks great (including the babies.Thanks so much for the extras. I appreciate your effort.
Regards,Travis

Good Afternoon Gene,
Thank you so much for your help, everything was as you said it would be.  In the larger, middle row, (F.W.), there were 30 units.  Are they all F.W.?  I did not know if the extras would be something different or if all 30 units were F.W.  Thanks again, you have been a great help.
Stay ahead,
Bill     

 

i got my second lot of   babies this morning,
 they always come though safely
 thanks so much for the great service
an will be back again always
nina austraila 

 

Hello Gene - 
The seeds arrived today - many thanks. The stealth is fantastic
and also thanks so much for the extras. The wife and I are anxious
to "get germinating". If the quality of the beans are anything
like the quality of the service, definitely no need to shop
anywhere else. thanks again and best regards, Rick.

 

gene your the best i'll be ordering more later. from the heart of humboldt thank you!!!!

Thank you, Gene. I received your email and will be looking for the seeds. I’ll let you know as soon as I get them.I appreciate your effort and the extras...Travis

cheers mate,your a champion.i will get a few fem seeds as soon as my finances improve(2 weeks)hehe
joe 

Hi!!
How u doing?
My babies came yesterday !!
I love the way you send those, really stealth mode and classy style!!i love it!!
Hope i can doing my job now on growing as good as your service !
I was really upset when it comes, cos i didnt find them in the first look, i almost died from heart attack...lol! Then i look more carefully and find them out!!
One more time, thx for your attention and your pacience with me and my weird english, we ll do more bussines later on, you bet!!
Thx again,
Fernando.Brazil..

 

Hey Gene,
I got my seeds yesterday!  Thank you for the discreet shipping and all the extras.  Im gonna get them germinating today.  I should be set on seeds for a while but next time Im in need I will come to u guys.  I've already referred a handful of people to your website.  Once again, thank you and you can expect to hear from me again, in the future.
Olin 


 I received the seeds directly in my home. Thank you very much. Best for you ! Frederico Argentina

Got my seeds today,
Gene you are the man!
Soo hard to find them in the pack. GENEious!
Shipped here almost too fast. I was not ready for them :)
Thanks And will talk to you in a few months.
A happy Customer

Hi, good afternoon!!
Thx for the quick job and thx one more time for your attention with me and the bonus seed, love to be a new customer... :)
well, if theres is everything ok about this buy, i ll be your custumer for a long time and gonna say to all brazilians guys theres a good way to buy it with the stealth shipp too...
sorry about any problems that i might cause,
A very happy brazilian guy,
Fernando

 

Hello again Gene -
I have never received service like this before! You are truly an
excellent businessperson. I may just go ahead and give your
recommendation a try once I receive my first order. I will let you
know when receipt occurs. How much for an order of 10, as well as
an order for 20 of your recommended strain? I may have just the
spot picked out for them. 15 out of 20!!! Maybe I should stop
asking you about order info and ask you about the housing and
employment markets in the UK? LOL. thanks again, Rick.

 

Hi Gene,
Thank You kindly for the confirmation.  I had a feeling they were the blue monster.   And thank you sooo much for putting them on the blue monster page.  That would mean alot to me.   The blue monster strain is some of the best looking plants I have ever seen, Goldenseed really has the best stuff out there.   IF you are looking for more pictures of the strand, then I can help.   I will send you more as the flowering gets more productive.   Thanks again my friend,  all your time and help has been great.
Sincerely,
Yvonne.

Just sending this email to let you know the package you sent has arrived without hassle. Just had to sign for it at the post office and that was that. Dealing with you was a real pleasure and you'll defo be hearing from me again in the future. Keep up the great work mate.

Many thanks from Oz,
Jay...

Hello Gene

I received your package today took me ages to locate them :-) This must be such an exciting time for you both, cant wait to see them. Thanks again for the extras and I look forward to talking to you in the future.

Best Regards..Derrin...NZ....

 

I´ll recommend this site to all my friends , i hope you will get news frome me in a time..
 Really thank you for your work ! Freddy....Argentina

Hey Gene, received package today ! Everything is as awesome as last time, thank you....I ordered 7 fem. Blue Monsters , but there were nine seeds total. Was this an error on your part, or you just being a great guy ? and are they all the fem B/M ? once again thank you so much. Also , are there any tips you can give me for growing this strain ? likes , dislikes, special needs ect. Until next time my friend. James.

Your the best Gene ! can't wait for shipment.........I will inform you immediately upon arrival. also , are there any tips you can give me to insure a successful grow of this particular strain ? once again , it has been a pleasure. Many thanks , Henry.....

hey gene,
100% strike rate with those NL seeds.i have 1 with 3 X water leaves and 3 X 1st set of leaves!!have you seen this before?
what a freak!!i will send some pics if you like?
cheers  joe

hey gene,just got confirmation that parcel is at postoffice ready to be picked up.another job well done.
your method is bloody awesome anyway.that first mixed bag i got off you is great.so many fat leaved smelly little plants.stems soooo thick and healthy.and so bushy.
now growing at rate of 2 inch day,and the smell is so strong.yum,yum.the mates are jealous as hell.but im a sharing kind of dude,they will get a bit.thanks a billion mate and i will be in contact soon.
cheers joe.

I planted 4 of each ;) & within 3 days I have 2 J.frost and 1 FWxJ.frost. More will pop soon !!
Thank you again for the fresh beans. The bean soup will turn our great this year ! James , New Mexico

Hey gene, 
 
Just confirming that I received my seeds and three are already germinated after only three days I am overexcited about your service and communication and I would never use anyone else. Thanks a ton.
Sincerely, KB..........

 

Excellent! So you got the email in time? 
Its going to the texas address! Great ! Yourt the best! Thanks again!

seeds recieved today :) :) :)
very happy, very smart packaging, VERY HAPPY!!
will recommend and use in future for sure
thanks..
..daniel

Gene,   
Received the airmail today.  Very excited!  Your service is very communicative and your methods are professional.  At first i was slightly worried if i was going to get my mail but not anymore. I am very pleased and will definitely be coming back for any future orders.  Thanks Dustin.



Gene we received our picture thank you so much fabulous hope to see ya soon Friends jeff

Package recieved, nice packaging.  You da man!   will update pu with results

 

got my (babys to day )
cant belive it that thy came  though fast shipping and clever packaging
Thank you so much! I will recommend you to my friends
be back again
nina tasmaina

 

Good afternoon Gene
I recieved my shipment today. Delivery was right on time.
The packaging was right on. Thank you!!

Hey Gene,

I got the babies this morning, thanks so much for the great service.
And thanks for the Free Cheesies!
As always, will definitely see me order again.

Sincerely
Steve

 

Received yesterday (11/2) Gene.  Fantastic picture.  All the best and I'm sure we'll be in contact again. Val.......xx

Hi Gene,around 2 months ago I bought some White Widow from you and they
are doing superb, wanna thank you for being an awesome seller :)

Just a couple of questions personally for you (because apparently a
lot of strains still grow different depending on the seller - from
rollitup.org)
Is there and name for this type of white widow or is just called white widow?

im 26 days in and my plants are around 2 foot still in vegitative
state, how much longer did yours take to grow to the harvest state?
Any secret tips/tricks you've learn that you can give me to help my
plants boost a bit/increase yield?
last question - How much yield am I going to get out of a plant?
Thanks man!! Very satisfied customer :D i've also mentioned that I
bought seeds from you in a few posts :)

 

Hey Gene, The eagle has landed again. Right now we have lots of young ones and looking forward to the future. Can't wait to see how these baby's grow up. Me and my wife thank you. Talk soon and Cheers : )

Ed......

Good evening Gene!

I've recived your mail and I'll confirm when the parcel has arrived. I would also like to thank you for the other seeds and your splendid service!

Hello Gene, As always. thanks again. We love doing business with you. Have a great week.

Ken

Gene, received package today ! Very clever ! In a world full of con men, rip offs and all around scum bags, it's refreshing to see someone conduct business in such a professional manner. You kept me posted every step of the way , via e-mail, and came across as if the customers happiness were your main priority. Very impressive ! ! ! Thanks again. I'm looking forward to doing business with you again and will recommend only Goldenseed to my friends. once again, thanks , Jimmy.....

You guys are cool as hell...I will definitely be using you again. I will also let you guys know as soon as my seeds get here. Thanks-Terry

Hi Gene,
I have recieved my goods today!!!! very happy so far, love the stelth shipping.
Regards
Amy and Paul..OZ...

Eh got the mail ! Thank you very much. You guys seem very professional . It is greatly appreciated.
Dave..USVI....

Gene,
Got 'em! Thank you so much! I will recommend you to my friend! I
can't wait to try some different strains in the future!
Until my next order,
Warren

hey gene
receiverd your package!!!! everything looks very good, thanks for the extra and the cheesewreck, sure to talk more in the future$,
Jimmy...Over the Pond :-)))

Gene,
     I got my tracking # and shipping info.  I will be sure to send a note on reciept of my package!  Your professionalisim has been fantastic!
Thanks again,
W...Canada...

Hello Gene, We have our package and wanted to say thank you for the personal service. Ken T...

 

Gene,
Seeds were delivered on Saturday.  Thanks.  Clever packaging man.
 And thanks for the extras!! James...North Carolina...

You are by far the best buysiness man to deal with? Your JackFrost was unbelievable. I cant imagine the work you've put into each species?

KL..USA...
 

Hi Gene,
Astoundingly fast shipping and clever packaging. Gushing praise to follow if all goes as described.
Thanks,
Jay...TASMANIA...

 

Thanks for the seeds Gene!  I got them on wnesday and they seem to be germinating fine.  Also, thanks for the free 8 frost-wreck seeds.  I will buy from you if I ever need more.  Take care

Brandon...USA..

thank you Gene!  You have very good service, I'm very impressed.  Take Care

Brad ..USA...

Hi, thanks, they got here yesterday and I'm looking forward to see the final outcome, great service, great shipping, I'll be ordering again for sure, Thanks again.

LM ...Canada...

 

Hi . Just a message to say thankyou for the items . Your service was exceptional . I will deffinatley use again . The kindest of regards , Rich..New Mexico..

everything came as ordered
everything safe rasta 

nice

 

Hi,
I got your message, I'll tell you when I receive the "goods." I'm also going to write up a review of your site on rollitup.org when I get the seeds! I'll leave out any details about the how its shipped of course but so far I'm very impressed so you can probably expect another good review to add you your repertoire.
Take care,Max

Hey,
Got the order today, many thanks for the extras! Brilliant shipping, even knowing what was there I had trouble finding it.
Thanks again,
Max

 

 

Hello Gene,
Sorry for E-mailing back only now, I actually received the seeds on Friday.
Confusing packaging, yet very smart. The seeds all look big and colourful.
I'm already quite satisfied. So thank you all the more for the extra FROSTWRECK, looks like a killer! You sure now how to treat costumers, I'll make sure to order again.Till then, all the best.
Math..Sweden..

Thank you so much Gene!
We recieved your package. Your methods of shipping were VERY creative!
Thanks again! Bev..New Jersey..

Hey Gene,

Sorry it took me so long to get back to you.  I finally picked up the package.  Everything was there, and I figured out which was which by how many there were.  Thanks again for the great product and customer service.  You can expect another order from me shortly. maryjane Portland...

 

Gene, your new baby looks just like you! I received the '@+=";-- today!! I hope my new babies will come out looking just as healthy!! Thx for the extras. You have the best job in the world bro! Spreading happiness around the globe! Happy trails dude and I will keep ya posted on my new "offspring"! Peace, chris RSA...

Gene,
Package arrived yesterday sooner than I expected.  I have to say I love your shipping method. Thanks very much for the freebies.  I will let you know how it goes....

Chris USA...

Thank you so very very much, Gene.
 We can't tell you just how appreciative we are!
We will let you know as soon as we get your package...Atleast after the first two hours of jumping around like excited maniacs.
=D
 Peace & Love
 ~Lauren

Hi Gene, Seeds arrived today. Many thanks for your prompt and courteous service. Kind regards Keith

 

omg thanks for the discreet packaging,although when my wife opened the letter she asked me who i got up the duff.that.that was the best packaging i have ever seen.you are a star!!!!
many

thanks matt..Canada

 

Hi Gene,

I got the seeds this morning and I must say that the stealth packaging was ingenious!!!
It would never had raised any suspicions if someone had opened it. Very, very stealthy.
And the subject of the 'letter' was skillfully disarming.

Thanks, nice doing business with you,

gene,gene,the dancing machine,letting you know package arrived royal mail today,thanks and best wishes.

terry



M. Finland

received order today thought i had been robbed packaging is ingenious thanks for the extras will be ordering again less of a worry about customs confiscating.    thanks Gertrude...

 

Hi Gene
The package arrived yesterday and i am all happy. Thanks for the few extras i think there is about 2 or so extra. No doubt i will be doing more business with you in the future as your services were outstanding and i actually got my stuff. Take it easy brother.
B....New York

Gene,
I want to just start off by saving I love you.. and I mean that in the straightest possible way. I received my seeds today and i got them much faster than I expected. Great shipping method.. even my girlfriend was like, "Oh, that's nice your friend sent you a picture of his place in the uk." haha.. Once again, thanks for the great service. AMAZING shipping method. All my future business will go through you.
Thanks, William

Ah, my internet doesn't seem to want to work today. This is my 3rd attempt to try and send this confirmation. Thanks for the affirmation of shipment and the tracking number. I haven't even received the order and I am already tremendously happy with your service. Thanks and I will make sure to e-mail again upon arrival of the shipment.
William

Gene
hello have you thought about crossing frostwreck with auto lemon skunk and getting an auto frostwreck? think it would be a great cross. oh by the way the frostwreck is fabulous, I call it a 10 a freaking 10. LOL great stuff.
Quentin

Thank you very much for the fast turnaround. I will confirm when the package arrives.
Best regards,
Stephan

Shoo Gene.
Ive got the %@%***** :)
salute!
Nils...Sweden

thanks for the great service, will be back again!!!
kind regards
matt......Madeira

Hi
Thats great news really keen for the package. Your services have been very good do appreciate and thank you for all of your help. I will drop you a mail as soon as my package arrives.
Thanks again
Bevan RSA...

Hey guy sorry for resonding so late, i received package on the 30th, but have been covered up at work. Gene i have one quetion (First thank you), are the cheese-wreck female? Again guy, thank you for everything you do, and make it possible for me to enjoy.
C...

Gene....man i gotta tell you that was the best packing job i have ever seen.  I first opened it and it was just that picture and the note and i said damn i just got screwed.  My brother saw the ******** and found the em.  I was so mad at the beginning i was gonna get me a ticket to europe but after i found them i thought that was the best thing i had ever seen.  I really appreciate them and will be getting more from you.  Super fast too.  I got 12 instead of 8 cheers man

 

Hi Gene ...You are GREAT!!! I can hardly wait!!! THANKS FOR THE FREEBIE-CHEESZIES. If these show up i will order more soon...Later man...ROb..USA...

Gene,

Thank you for the prompt and outstanding service. The seeds arrived today (thanks for the 7 extras!) and the packaging was clever I had a bit of a laugh. We will be doing business again soon, I promise!

Best regards, Nick T. Boston.

 

Gene

got here a lot faster than i would have thought.
Thanks for everything. lookin forward to doing some more business with you in the future.
Matt..

Hey Gene,

Just letting you know all the seeds arrived safely and look great! Thank you very much for putting your time and care into my order.
Sincerely,
Bill..California......USA..

 

hello gene,
I got my order today, and I could not be happier. shipping was pretty quick on your end of things, but my countries customs department took a while to ship it out. great stealth btw. Today you have earned a lifelong customer. However, could you please not use my name if you put this in your testimonial section.
thanks for everything it was a pleasure doing business with you. John Walters ret:

 

hello to all my fellow tokers out there i ordered my Lowryder #2 seeds at http://www.goldenseed.co.uk/index.html and kept checking the tracking number and it was always at the same place and thought i was never going to get my seeds and thought i got jacked for $60 but today i got my mail and what do you know i got my seeds in and the guy gave me 5 free feminized white dwarf autoflowering seeds worth $55........the guy has great communication with customers, everytime i emailed him he replyed the next day and the shipping is very very stealth....this being my first time ordering seeds i wasnt so sure about it but everything went well......i placed the order on 12/31/2008 and got my seeds today took 12 days to get to los angeles from the seed bank.............also the great thing is that he accepts *****thats how i paid

so with that being said i just wanted to let people know that this is a legit seed bank with some good strains and prices

also i will be starting my new grow soon with the lowryder seeds, ill post a link to it soon

if you have any question let me know and ill do my best to answer them

 

Hi Gene,
THANKYOU VERY MUCH!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! You made our day when they arrived! Everyone was sceptical.
Anything else you can recomend to ensure the best result would be greatly appreciated.
We grow purely for personal use so its in our interest to get the best possible plant.
Cheers Bree... Australia

 

Good evening, Gene!
Yesterday I received the goods. Lovely little package! ;)
Looking forward to have business with you again, it has been a pleasure!
Take care!
Robin

Hey man, I got them.
Thanks for being patient.
chris *******

 

"they finally made it. have not opened as I am out of town but sure things are all right. Once again I want to thank you for your time. I really appreaciate your patientence and all your emails will defenity be back.If you want when I get home will write you a referal if you would like. THanks again Quentin"

 

dude, unbelievable, they arrived today wednesday was that 4 working days ? to say i'm shocked would b an understatement. didn't know about the 36 hour thing, any other tips would b great, i will not 4get u, if i need anything else, thanx heaps mate, u r the man !!!!
JP Australia........

 

Hello gene, I recieved the "goods" all 12 of them (thanks for the extra.)
and plus, you are a clever man! great way of hiding them hahaha, anyway, thanks for your business.
Taylor.....Japan

Thank you Gene...I will put in a good word about your company. Mark.
Thank you....jg

Hi there... was away for the weekend and my frind that was in my apartment had open the packet and thron away all wrapping so had to go through the garbage but after some time we found it and every thing was in order. Will definitive recomend u if some one need's our servic
and big thanks on the extra i got.
// Patrik

Seeds arrived in excellent condition. Very clever packing job, thank you very much! Will definitely plan on doing business with you fine folks again in the future!
'Live long and prosper' Josh... Norway

Hi Gene,
I know what your last instructions were, but you still gave a little scare there for a minute. That was a fine job. Very stealthy. Thanks alot....Peace.....Ray

Hello Gene,
I just received my package with the seeds in it yesterday. They came in good shape and I love the clever way of slipping them in their with a.......... Thanks for your help. I look forward to germinating them soon and hope all goes well.
Shawn

Good Morning Gene,
The eagle has landed... You and your team are truly amazing - thanks again. Your Friend,
Benjamin. Ireland

Hello Gene, I received my order Friday...thanks again for your prompt response and professional integrity.
I will give you a very good reference and use your company for future projects.
peace, Mark

Hi Gene, I received the 'goods' today.
I couldn't believe how fast it got here.
Stealth packing is also perfect.
It has been great doing business with you.
Thanks,
Atsushi -Japan

Got em.. Ingenious shipping.. The baby is beautiful. :)
Thanks again.. I'm sure you'll be hearing from me again in the future.
james-Maine...USA

Please accept my apologies for my previous message. I found the seeds.
Thank you the quantity was generous....Jenny

Gene,
Receipt confirmed. That was... remarkable and you made me laugh as well :D
Many thanks,
Marc

thanx gene
i really appreciate 'stealth details removed' hope you and the mrs. are doing well, look forward to the special day
good to hear from you
everything here is well :-)
talk to you soon
Joe

Received the seeds this afternoon. Everything looks great!
Thanks,
Brian

Seeds were received today, you can most defiantly expect future orders from me.
My Thanks
David-Canada

Hello Gene,
I have just receivd the "baby" this morning,thanks a lot for the free seeds and the super fast shipping!!
I will surely try some of your other strains in the future!
Take care,
Francois

Email received, thank you for the prompt shipping.
David

"awesome, i am lookin forward to workin with these seeds, so i'll let u know wen i recieve, i'm sure i'll be doing alot more business with you if everything continues as is,
thanks",
andy

Received Special Shipment Thank you so much everything went perfectly!
Great Experiance

nvm, found the .......... you were talking about...man that is ingenious! I'm sure the seeds will speak for themselves in terms of future business :)
Rick..Germany

Hey Gene,
been on tour for a while with work.
I did get the seeds, thank you for the honest business ;-)
Also the package was excellent.
Walter..

Hi I just wanted to verify that the lowryder were in a separate row
from the J.F.(im guessing you hooked me up with some extra J.F.
THANKS!!! i have already recommended you guys)

Hi Gene,
Thanks so much for the 'stealth details removed' . I hope to get to England one day soon to enjoy all that is there.
Thanks again, here's to perfection in an envelope...Cheers!
Best regards,
Charlie..Spain

Got it! Great packaging.
Thanks so much. Hope to do business in the future. :)
Thanks,
J

Received the goods! Thanks Gene, I appreciate it. Will be doing business with you in the future.
The big W.

Great!
I'll let you know once they arrive.
Thanks so much
Cheers,

"Praise indeed"

 

cannabis seeds pricelist

The big issue: hermaphrodite encounter

Your highest concern is: what's the chance of a hermie?
First of all, what is a hermie? A real hermie is a plant which creates 50% male flowers and 50% female flowers with hardly no bud formation. This is possible in all seeds, just as much in regular seeds as in well produced female seeds. It's part of nature and happens in very rare cases. All of our seed batches are tested for hermie's before they are released on the market. Seed batches which have proven to be unreliable are destroyed. Deviations which are uncommon, but possible in female seeds are a few (mostly sterile) male first flowers on the stem of a female plant. After removal of these few balls, the plant will grow into a full female. Hence 99% female seeds. So, what is the chance of you getting a male flower? It's like the chance of getting involved in an accident whilst driving your car, there is a tiny chance of coming across a male flower in our female seeds.

To be on the safe side people these days wear seatbelts to protect themselves during an accident. We would also like to recommend growers to protect themselves from being unfortunate enough to come across a male flower. Therefore our recommendations are to always watch the stem of your plants in the first few weeks of flowering. For some strains the chance of a male pre-flower is lower with a longer vegetation period, while other strains are not susceptible to this at all. Each strain states a reliability rate to advise you on the chances of a male flower in that strain. Taking these kind of precautions, besides your usual input will guarantee you a successful and happy grow. And by being fully informed this way, will give you more confidence in working with female seeds. If you have any further questions, don't hesitate to contact us at mail@goldenglow.info

 home cannabis seeds

Sativa/Indica the difference

Because there is large selection of strains in the internet, this can sometimes get overwhelming when trying to decide which one to order. Choosing is not as difficult as you may think. There are really only two sides of the marijuana family we are talking about here. Indicas and Sativas.

Sativas are just about the opposite of indicas. They are tall, thin plants, with much narrower leaves and grow a lighter green in color. They grow very quickly and can reach heights of 20 feet in a single season. They originally come from Colombia, Mexico, Thailand and Southeast Asia. Once flowering has begun, they can take anywhere from 10 to 16 weeks to fully mature. Flavors range from earthy to sweet and fruity. The stone of a Sativa is cerebral, up and energetic.

Indicas originally come from the hash producing countries of the world like Afghanistan, Morocco, and Tibet. They are short dense plants, with broad leaves and often grow a darker green. After flowering starts they will be mature in 6 to 8 weeks. The buds will be thick and dense, with flavors and aromas ranging from pungent skunk to sweet and fruity. The smoke from an Indica is generally a body type stone, relaxing and laid back.
Combining different indicas, different sativas or a combination thereof creates hybrids. The resulting hybrid strains will grow, mature and smoke in relationship to the indica/sativa percentages they end up containing.

 

TERPENS IN RESIN

Cannabis is seen by many as a medicine or a recreational drug, but the more subtle aspect of it being an aromatic plant goes too often unnoticed. The herbs we use in our kitchen are considered aromatic plants because they contain a particular terpene profile that gives a distinctive flavor. Cannabis is so complex from this point of view that the possible combinations are endless, creating a broad spectrum of aromas and flavors that differ with the strains and the way they are cultivated.

To give you an idea of what a terpene is, a quick look at Wikipedia reveals what follows:

The word terpenes defines a large and varied class of hydrocarbons, produced primarily by plants (conifers and cannabis) and more rarely by insects. Terpens are the major components of resin, and of oils and extracts produced from resin. The name "terpene" is derived from the word "turpentine". Terpenes function as smell and taste molecules, and also as biosynthetic building blocks for the organism of almost all creatures. Terpenes are one of the most important components of the resin and essential oils of many types of plants and flowers.

Enough with the science. Let’s see how these terpens are affecting cannabis in the process of breeding on flavor.

The list of 16 terpens is a selection of the most carachteristic and recognizable ones, the ones involved in the distinctive flavor of any strain of cannabis. A few example:

Alpha-Pinene is an organic compound, found in the oils of many species of many species of pine trees. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). 2 types of Alpha-pinene exist in nature, one more common in European pines, the other more common in North America. A mix of the two is present in the oil extracted from the eucalyptus tree. So if you like pine-tree smelling and tasting weed, think of growing this strain, or use it for crossings.

Limonene is a hydrocarbon, classified as a cyclic terpene. It is a colourless liquid at room temperatures with an extremely strong smell of oranges. It takes its name from the lemon because lemon and other citrus fruits contain high quantities of this compound, which is responsible for much of their smell.

Sabinene is a natural monoterpene and it is isolated from the essential oils of a variety of plants, mostly oak trees. Sabinene is one of the chemical compounds that contributes to the spiciness of black pepper and is a major constituent of carrot seed oil. It also occurs in tea tree oil at a low concentration.

Myrcene, or β-myrcene is also an organic compound. It is classified as a hydrocarbon and a monoterpene. It is obtained from the essential oil from various plants: bay, verbena, myrcia (from which is gets its name) and others. Myrcene is one of the most important chemicals used in the perfumery industry. Because of its pleasant odor, it is occasionally used directly. But it is also highly valued as an intermediate for the preparation of flavor and fragrance chemicals such as menthol, citronella, and geraniol.

Many more terpenes are present in the resin and analyzed, and this represent a guide, a useful tool for a more mature type of smoker, conscious about flavor, and for all breeders interested in following a particular aroma in their lines.

 

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Seed Germination

 

Presoaking - Put some moist tissues on a plate. Put the seeds on top of them and then put a layer of moist tissues on the seeds. Cover the plate with another upturned plate, so that the seeds are in darkness and the environment remains moist. Put the covered seeds in a warm place (21°C). Check the seeds every day, sprinkle the tissues if necessary and carefully transplant the seeds when they open and the white tip of the root becomes visible. Put the seed in a growth medium (soil), approximately the size of the seed under the surface (about 5 mm).

Transplanting - do this as little as possible by germinating in the same container you intend to grow the plant in for a significant period of time. Many growers experience low germination rate if the temperatures are out of range. A heating pad set to low or medium may be necessary, or a shelf constantly warmed by a light may do, but test it with a few seeds first, before devoting your next crop to it. "No Light" is necessary. Cover the seeds with black paper to keep light out.

Plan on transplanting only once or twice before harvest. Use the biggest containers possible for the space and number of seedlings you plan to start. Plants will suffer if continuously transplanted and delay harvesting. You will suffer too, from too much work! Cut holes in the bottom of containers and fill the last few inches at the top with vermiculite only. Since vermiculite holds water well, wicks water well, but does not hold too much water, roots always have lots of oxygen.

If grown to full maturity, in the correct conditions, cannabis seeds will generally be dark grey or brown, or striped in colour, and measure between 3-5mm in length, and 2-4mm in diameter, depending on its origins. This beautifully patterned outer shell, the perianth, plays the vital role of protecting the delicate embryo inside, and should be of a good hard nature, without cracks or chipping. When choosing the right marijuana seeds to grow, the general rule is the bigger and darker they are the better. Different varieties of the plant produce different looking seeds. From the almost cannon-ball shape of classic Afghan seed, to the darker, more stream-lined look of some Sativa varieties, cannabis once again proves just how diverse she is! cannabis seeds

Cannabis is an annual plant, it's life-cycle completed within a year usually, dying just after setting it's seed for the next year. To keep seed over winter months store in a cool dark, air-tight place, that stays dry. Be careful not to crush the marijuana seeds. They may look tough, but damage can easily be caused this way.

Discarding the obviously damaged, the very small, or very lightly coloured specimens, is the first step in the right direction for any budding grower, as this type of natural selection mimics exactly what nature would do.(If you purchase your seeds from Goldenseed you wont need to throw any away because all our seeds are carefully screened for any defects, guaranteeing you get only the healthy viable ones to start with).


Before we launch into a description of how to test the seed, let's talk about seeds a bit. We have all planted seeds, but how much do you really know about them? Learning more about seeds can help improve your success with them.

Seed Parts When you look at a seed you are looking at the seed coat. As people wear coats for protection from foul weather, seed coats perform much the same function. They provide protection against entry of parasites, against mechanical injury and, in some seeds, against unfavorably high or low temperatures.

Inside the seed coat is the embryo, an immature plant with all the parts of the adult plant. A close look shows leaves and a root -- they may be tiny but they are the beginnings of a plant. The seed's embryo leaves are called the "cotyledons." The seed is filled with "endosperm," food that will nourish the embryo during its early stages of development.

Germinating Seeds Germination is a fascinating process. Seeing a tiny seedling emerge from a dry, wrinkled seed and watching its growth and transformation, is observing the mystery of life unfolding. The first sign of germination is the absorption of water -- lots of water. This activates an enzyme, respiration increases and plant cells are duplicated. Soon the embryo becomes too large, the seed coat bursts open and the growing plant emerges. The tip of the root is the first thing to emerge and it's first for good reason. It will anchor the seed in place, and allow the embryo to absorb water and nutrients from the surrounding soil.

Some seeds need special treatment or conditions of light, temperature, moisture, etc. to germinate. Seed dormancy is very complex, but it protects that living plant material until conditions are right for it to emerge and grow.

Practical lessons can be learned from the seed:

* Seeds with bigger amounts of endosperm can feed the embryo plant longer, while it works its way toward light. Therefore, big seeds can usually be planted deeper.
* Seeds must absorb water to get germination going. Therefore, presoaking seeds may speed up the process.
* Available water is important to the newly emerged root. Therefore, you should plant seeds a little deeper in the middle of summer, when the top of the soil dries out quickly.

 

STS-based reversals and feminized breeding

Terminology for STS breeding:

STS: Silver thiosulfate, a salt compound used in photography. In plants, silver interferes with, or locks out, copper, which is a necessary micronutrient. Making copper unavilable inteferes with ethylene signaling, and reduces expression of traits that are dependent on high levels of ethylene, such as female sex expression and fruit ripening.

Copper: a micronutrient that is necessary to assist certain enzymes in their function. Copper can become toxic at low levels, but a few parts per billion is adequate for plants to express their genetic potential. Because copper is needed at such low levels, it does not take much silver to overwhelm the available copper load and exert its effect.

Ethylene: One of the 5 plant hormones. The levels and ratios of these 5 hormones has a huge impact on the shape, strucutre, aroma, flavor, flowering time, and disease resistance of the plant. Hormones are the chemical messengers that allow DNA to 'talk' to plant tissues and determine the phenotype. Ethylene is primarily involved in flowering, sex determination, fruit ripening, and sensescence (rot). Ethylene is a simple organic molecule, C2 H4, which can also be represented as H2C=CH2.
In cannabis, female plants will produce male flowers if not enough ethylene is present, or if too much gibberellic acid is present. The intersex condition is due to a combination of genetic and environemental factors. Some plants will not turn male under the most extreme stress, and some plants, especially stretchy tropical sativas, will turn with no stress at all. It is my belief that the stress of severe inbreeding, compounded over several generations, is responsible for the majority of hermaphrodites in the drug cannabis gene pool (DCG) today.

Reversal: Treating a female plant with STS in order to collect viable female pollen.

Selfing: Applying female pollen to the female from which it was collected. Example : selecting a particular Willie Nelson cutting, reversing it, and putting the pollen back on another clone of the same plant. Applying that pollen to a different Willie cutting, or to another strain altogether, is not selfing.

F0: The parents selected to start a breeding program. Often referred to as P1 and P2, but this is incorrect.

F1: the first cross between two unrelated parents. The F stands for filial, and refers to the fact that all F1 progeny of the same cross are full brothers and sisters to one another.

S1: The first selfed generation. Selfing an S1 produces an S2, etc. Anecdotal evidence from Sam_Skunkman indicates that continued selfing to the S3 and S4 produces plants so weak that they must be handled very carefully, “like kittens” in his words.

R1's (aka Reversed F1's): When feminized pollen is used to pollinate a different female than the pollen donor. R1's will tend to act like a tradional male x female cross, only all female, while S1's appear to have some different properties that are not yet fully understood. Early reports indicatee that S1's are more consistent than R1's on average, but there are many exceptions, and more research is needed.

BC1: The first backcross generation, ie when an F1 or R1 progeny is crossed back to an F0 parent. Backcrossing can increase the influence of either parent, but continued backcrossing is too much inbreeding, according to both DJ Short and Rezdog, and should be used rarely if at all. One or two backcrosses followed by full-sib mating has beena successful strategy for many breeders, including the creator of Northern Lights.

These terms can be combined for shortand pedigrees. A second backross, followed by three generations of sib-mating, may be represented as a BC2-F3 generation.

Intersex: A condition in which a plant (or animal) displays functional sex organs of both genders. Easier to type than hermaphroditic. My belief is that almost all hermies are genetic females that have weaknesses in their ethylene signaling pathway, which makes them very susceptible to environmental stress.

Stress: Any environmental factor that causes a response by the plant. Stresses can be biotic or abiotic. Biotic stresses include insects, fungi, viruses, predators, and CAMP. Abiotic stresses include drought, poor soil conditions, extreme wind or humidity, or hurricanes or flooding. Both types of stresses can have large effects on phenotype, including induction of intersex phenos.

Hybrid Fertility: The degree to which any two unrelated plants can set seed. For example, crossing an Afghani to a Turk may produce 95% viable seed, whild crossing Durban to Mongolian Indica might only produce 40% viable seed. This is usually a measure of the genetic distance between the parents. The fertility of self-pollinations is unknown but could give the breeder alot of information about the breeding value of the plant in question. A plant that has a desirable phentoype, but is not very self-fertile, is likely very homozygous and will tend to produce consistent offspring.

Micropropagation: Taking very small clones and rooting them in test tubes containing a heat-sterilized nutrient mixture in a agar (gelatin) base. This allows for aseptic (almost sterile) conditioins and precise application of phytochemicals such as STS, auxin, or cytokinin.

Flower parts:

Male:

Petal: the 5 yellow petals surrounding the generative organs
Anther: the banana-shaped pod on a thin stalk that produces and drops pollen
Filament: the thin stalk that supports the anther.
Pollen grain: A tiny, round, hard shell that floats on the wind until it lands on a female stigma.
Sperm: A half-copy of the genetic information of the father. Each grain contains two sperm. One sperm fertilizes the egg and forms the embryon, while the other sperm fertilizes another cell and forms the endosperm, the fatty, protein-rich substance that surrounds the embryon and provides nutrients for the first ~2 weeks of growth. This process is called 'double fertilization' and is pretty cool if you want to read more about it.

Female:

Sepal: the small green leaves subtending (underneath) the petals. The sepals are the strucutres that have two white hairs protruding and are covered in resinous trichomes. They are a leafy jacket for the developing seed. I believe that the evolutionary purpose of THCis to confuse animals, such as mice and voles, that eat cannabis seeds after they fall to the ground. Differences in cannabinoid content probably are due to differences in the brains of the seed predators.

Stigma: The two white hairs that stick out of each flower. Each stigma is capable of accepting pollen and directing it to the ovary, which is located at the base of the seed. The stigma is capable of performing a chemical analysis of the pollen that lands on it, and can decide whether ornot to allow that pollen to germinate and fertilize the embryo.

Ovary: the structure that contains a half-copy of the maternal DNA, which fuses with a sperm to form an embryo that contains 50% DNA from each parent.

Seeds:

Achene: a technical term for the particular type of seed that Cannabis produces. Similar to a nut, but simpler in structure.

Aleurone: the hard, tiger-striped outer shell of a seed that protects the delicate embryo and endosperm.

Vernalization: Any environmental or chemical treatment that induces seeds to sprout. This can be heat, in the case of wild tomato or avocado seeds, or cold, as in the case of poppies and many members of the cabbage family. Some seeds require a bath in acid, as in tomato seeds, which tend to to sprout well when they are incubated in the hot, acidic bath known as the 'stomach' and then deposited in a matrix of rich organic matter, known as 'poop'.

General Breeding Terms:

Compensatory mating: Choosing hybrid parents based on a weakness in one parent. For example, we often choose G13 as a parent when we have a sativa that is quite nice to smoke, but stretchy and long flowering. G13 brings down flowering time and height, without having much impact on the smell or high, except that it tends to boost potency. Another example might be choosing Grapefruit to cross to an indica that is potent, but lacks flavor or 'bag appeal'. Fem breeding makes it easier to choose parents for compensatory mating as both parents can be evaluated for the trait of interest.

Stabilizing Selection: Growing a large number of a a segregating population and selecting the average phenotypes, culling the extreme phenos, in order to lessen the variability in the line. Usually a later step after a line produces some, but not all, exceptional plants. Not used often enough in Cannabis breeding. An example of this would be growing a thousand Love Potions and culling everything that showed a single male flower, so that the genetics of the line would be essentially unchaged, but interesex plants will eventually be completely eliminated.

Directional Selection: Choosing breeding parents based on a desire to boost a trait that is present in both. For example, if you grew out 100 F2's and selected the most purple ones for future breeding, youwould be breeding in the direction of more purpleness without any regard for other phenotypes. When working with very small populations, I believe it is best to focus on one trait a time, rather than trying to find your grail in a population of 30 or 50 beans.

Diversifying Selection: this is a concept more often used in nature, where one populations splits into two and then diverges due to different selective pressures. For example, early humans mated with chimpanzees for many centuries before the different selective pressures caused the two populations to diverge and become reproductively isolated from one another. For Cannabis breeders, this technique could be used to tease out the parent lines from an F1 hybrid. If you bought Thunderfuck Haze, and you had a good eye for both parental phenos, you could eventually have a truebreeding Thunderfuck line and a Haze line that would be more like the parents than like the original F1.

Robustness: A strain that produces similar phenotypes in a wide range of enviroments is said to be robust.

Variability: A measure of the differences in phenotypes within a strain. Some variability is good, for example if you want to harvest over a period of a week or 10 days instead of all at once. Much variablity is bad, for example if your closet has to contain plants that range from 2'-5' tall, or if your harvest window is 2 months instead of 2 weeks and you have other stuff to grow.

Stability: Another way to measure differences in phenotypes. The opposite of Variability.

Diversity: A measure of the genetic diversity within a population. The trick of the breeder is to maximize diversity while minizming variability. Diversity is necessary to allow plants to resist fungi and other pathogens, and to have genetic reserves that will allow the to slowly adapt to a changing climate in the years to come.

Stable Generation: A true F1 made between inbred parents, or a cross between two individuals of the same IBL, will produce seeds that are consistent from plant to plant. F1 plants will grow alike, but will not breed true. IBL's grow alike and will produce offspring that grow alike, both to each other and to the parents. Crossing an IBL to an F1 will produce intermediate results and is a good technique if you have the capacity to evaluate the offspring, or if you are looking for more than one keeper pheno in the progeny.

Segregating Generations: A cross between two hybrids will produce a wide range of phenotypes, especially if the hybrid grandparents are widely unrelated. Segregating generations are where the breeder goes to work, sorting through hundreds of plants to find the ones that meet the goal of the program. Most seeds on the market today are segregating generations.

 

Maximizing root growth in soil containers--Root growth/mass(all other factors being equal).

Space is also one of the major concerns for indoor growers, who generally cannot move to bigger and bigger pots to allow for bigger root masses.

However, a lot of container space often goes unused, because roots will not grow into the top inches of soil that are often dried out from powerful lights and low humidity. In addition, since MJ soils are typically very airy and light, when watering the top inches of soil are easily disturbed as the dirt is pushed and moved around by the water. This also inhibits roots from growing into the top inches of soil.

In a 1 foot tall pot the top 3 inches of soil will not allow root growth, you are wasting 25% of your soil mass that could be used for roots. In pots that are wider at the top than the bottom, this wasted soil could be even greater!

How then to use this soil? We need to prevent the soil from being disturbed and keep it moist, and hydro growers have been using an ideal product for this for a long time - Hydroton clay balls!

1. Hydroton clay balls are LIGHT.
They won't compact your soil the way putting pebbles on top would.

2. A layer of hydroton clay balls on top of the soil will help the soil underneath it lose moisture through evaporation and low humidity.

By adding a layer of hydroton on top of the soil, soil disturbance is prevented since the water does not directly touch the soil until it has filtered through the layer of hydroton balls. Soil moisture is then trapped underneath the hydroton and less likely to evaporate due to heat and/or low humidity.

This way it is possible to grow plants with roots stretching up all the way to the top of the soil. Those roots will rapidly provide nutrition to the plant when it is watered. It also will help the plant be able to go a longer time without watering since moisture that would have been lost to evaporation is now available to the plant.

Note:
Use a root stimulator during veg growth to help accelerate the root growth process and make sure there is a strong root mass in flowering. The last things you want in flower are wimpy roots (unless you want wimpy yields).

 

 

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